• 2021 China’s E-sports Industry Report

    Market: The total e-sports market exceeded 145 billion yuan in 2020 and is expected to exceed 180 billion yuan in 2021. The growth is mainly from the rapid development of the mobile e-sports g...

    May 26 2021
  • 2021 China’s Data Middle Platform Industry Report

    In the early business development period, companies would deploy IT systems based on vertical and personalized business logic to solve business problems. Most of the various information s...

    May 26 2021
  • 2021 Low-code Industry Report

    Low code development refers to a solution that uses APaaS products to reduce or eliminate the demand for native code writing in application development by providing developers with a visual ap...

    Apr 21 2021
  • 2021 Digital Transformation of Chinese Enterprises

    The essence of enterprise digital transformation: The essence of digital transformation is to use the advantages of digital "copy, link, simulation, and feedback" to h...

    Apr 21 2021
  • China's New B2B Cross-Border E-Commerce Export Industry Research Report

    As a growing source of foreign trade, B2B accounts for the majority of cross-border e-commerce, holding a stronger market position in the futureCross-Border e-commerce remains the growth s...

    Mar 02 2021
  • 2021 China’s Data Middle Platform Industry Report

    System Architecture with Isolated Data Islands

    Multiple sources and heterogeneous of the underlying computing and storage architecture result in system silo and isolated data island

    In the early business development period, companies would deploy IT systems based on vertical and personalized business logic to solve business problems. Most of the various information systems were purchased and built independently. They are deeply coupled with processes and underlying systems and have many cross-correlations with upstream and downstream systems, resulting in multiple isolated data islands in the company and huge difficulty in achieving total interconnection of information. Meanwhile, in the exploration of new platforms, new businesses, and new markets, the system can’t be directly reused or quickly iterated. The data generated in the process can’t be interconnected with data accumulated in the traditional model, which exacerbates the problem of isolated data islands. Since it is hard for scattered data to deal with the changes of front-end businesses, support corporate operation decisions, there is an urgent need for a mechanism that combines the old and new models and integrates the data scattered on various islands to gain data service capabilities.

    The Connotation of the Data Middle Platform 

    Data middle platform is not only a technical concept, but also a corporate management concept

    Data middle platform is in the middle of the front end and the back end. It is an enterprise-level data sharing and ability reuse platform. It contains a series of data components or modules. Through the unified collection, processing, storage, calculation, analysis, and visualization of an enterprise’s massive multi-source and heterogeneous data, the data middle platform transform data into a company’s core asset, providing data resource and capability support for the business front end to achieve refined operation driven by data. Based on its information construction foundation and business characteristics, the enterprise defines the capabilities of the data middle platform and selects and uses data components to build a middle platform. In a broad sense, the data middle platform is a model and concept of the organization and management of an enterprise, integrating a company’s strategic determination, organizational structure, and technical structure. The enterprise strategically builds a unified collaborative base, that is, a middle platform organization, to coordinate and support various business departments, expand business boundaries by technology, and provide room for the growth of new businesses and new departments.

    System implementation requires the multi-dimensional capabilities of both the supply and demand parties

    The construction of a data middle platform involves many technologies. In the aspect of technology structure, it needs scalability, agility, lightweight, emphasizes interaction with the front-end, and realizes application functions through service arrangement to meet the demand of the front end. Data middle platforms now follow the design principle of “high cohesion, loose coupling, integrate distributed model, micro service, container cloud, DevOps, big data processing and architecture with high availability, high performance and high concurrency and have formed a mature methodology. Currently, the difficulties faced by data middle platform construction are mainly how to combine mature technical solutions with real conditions and characteristics of the industry and enterprises and make feasible solutions for data middle platform construction based on application scenarios. The enterprise’s resource allocation ability, management experience, organizational structure, business organizing ability, as well as data middle platform service providers providing consulting and planning services for corporate data governance in enterprise middle platform construction, gradually become key elements in the construction of data middle platforms.

    The Core Value of Data MiddlePlatforms

    Cut data construction costs and improve datagovernance efficiency

    Theconstruction of data middle platforms can help companies connect isolated dataislands and build unified data standards, including data constructionspecification and data consumption specification. Besides, based on theoriginal data relations and SOA architecture, and other corporate datamanagement experience, the data middle platforms can help solve the “data silo”problem in enterprise information management and manage data from theperspective of the entire life cycle. With the construction of data middleplatforms, the data ambiguity is gradually eliminated and the transparency andutilization rate are largely increased, which can effectively reuse front-endbusinesses through data and analysis technologies,  cut data calculation and storage costs, andreduce labor costs caused by inconsistent or repeated data system construction.Since the reuse of systems and capabilities is easy, when business volumeincreases or data connection points and processes change, the connected datamiddle platforms can avoid repeated system constructions and support theemergency and fast development of new business forms. Since data middleplatforms integrate businesses and technologies, the data generated frombusinesses don’t need a cross-department transmission, and the data analysisresults based on technology can be directly used in business optimizationplans. Real-time data sharing directly empowers businesses, improves timelinessand sensitivity of the entire chain of corporate data governance, and avoidscognitive biases caused by information asymmetry between the technology andbusiness sectors.

    May 26 2021
  • 2021 Low-code Industry Report

    Low-codeDevelopment Research Scope

    Focus onindependent low-code development platforms and analyze related concepts and components.

    Low codedevelopment refers to a solution that uses APaaS products toreduce or eliminate the demand for native code writing for applicationdevelopment by providing developers with a visual application developmentenvironment, thereby building applications conveniently. Therefore, low-code platforms are often referred toas APaaS platforms.

    In a broad sense,the low-code concept covers all the application processes and services that cancomplete code integration and reduce code development. However, in a narrowsense, low code development refers to independent development platforms thatcan build simple applications and complex enterprise-level applications using asmall amount of code or no code through a visual interface.

    This report focuseson independent low-code development platforms. It also covers analysis onconcepts related to low-code, such as APaaS, no-code and BPM. Process engines, data analysisengines, and other components.

    Low-codeApplication Scenarios-from the Perspective of Application Type

    Meet the demands of enterprises’ personalizedscenarios. The segmentedapplication of SMEs maybecome popular in industry application scenarios

    As a softwaredevelopment tool, low code covers different application scenarios in manyindustries such as manufacturing, finance, healthcare, real estate, retail,catering, and aviation. According to the types and complexity of scenarios,there are 4 application categories, which are general business scenario,comprehensive enterprise management system, individualized enterprise scenarioapplication, and SME segment application scenario. General scenarios canrealize cross-domain and cross-enterprise applications, meeting the needs ofcommon enterprise scenarios. The comprehensive management system is usuallyused for the entire internal management of large and medium-sized enterprises.It is an enterprise-level application with complex scenarios. Customizedsolutions are usually provided through low-code platforms according toenterprises' needs. Different from a comprehensive management system,enterprise personalized application can serve the personalized scenarios ofvarious types of enterprises, and focus on different aspects according toenterprise types and industry attributes. The segmented application scenariosof SMEs may become popular in industry application scenarios.

    Low-codeApplication Scenarios-from the Perspective of the Terminal 

    Low-codedevelopment can cover most enterprise application scenarios, but need to besupplemented with plugins in some vertical fields.

    The coverageof low-code development in different types of companies varies. Low-codedevelopment can be used for over 95% of SMEs' application scenarios since theyare not complicated and have simple business processes. The highly flexiblelow-code products can promote the expansion of enterprise applicationfunctions, adapt to the frequent function iteration requirements in the rapiddevelopment of SMEs, which can facilitate the quick application of innovation.70% of large and medium-sized enterprises’ application scenarios can uselow-code development. When building a new system, large and medium-sizedenterprises usually need to connect the information of the original system, orcarry out secondary development of the original system. The logical design andstructure are complicated. Low-code development platforms have many scenarioapplication modules and industry plug-ins, which can help large andmedium-sized enterprises build personalized applications and access internaldata. In vertical application scenarios such as audio and video, and instantmessaging, plug-ins are needed to supplement low-code development. The coverageratio is about 50%. Currently, low-code functions can cover about 50% of thevertical application scenarios.

    Apr 21 2021
  • 2021 Digital Transformation of Chinese Enterprises

    Digitalization and DigitalTransformation 

    Fromcollection to application, digital value and commercial value are combined

    Beingreproducible, transferable, and computable, digitalization has been widelydiscussed in recent years. Digitalization includes data collection,transmission, storage, calculation and application. It turns all kinds ofcomplex and changeable information into measurable data and processes it. Indigital transformation, enterprises use new digital technologies to linkphysical information of a certain production or operation link, or even thewhole business process, to form valuable digital assets. Then the company canuse the calculated information to improve its business value. Nowadays,enterprises use digital technologies and tools to promote enterprisetransformation, adding digital value to their commercial value to enhance theircompetitiveness.

    Problem 1:PreferComprehensive Products with Unnecessary Functions

    Functions that are not used are not needed.

    During digitaltransformation, when purchasing software and hardware, a lot of enterpriseswould buy those with comprehensive functions, which is unnecessary. iResearchbelieves that the reasons include contradictions of employees at differentlevels, lack of scientific investigation, consumer psychology and the pursuitof digital advertising effect, etc. According to the statistics of a foreigninstitution, 60% of functions of the enterprise-level software haven’t beenused or have been used very seldom on average. The enterprises buy software byintuition, thinking such software might be useful and it will be better if theyhave it. However, this not only results in a longer implementation cycle ofpre-projects and higher costs but also more complicated application processesand more mistakes, which causes a lot of inconvenience to employees and has anegative influence on the transformation effect.

    Problem 2: Stick to the OldMethods

    The IT department doesn’t get enough attention orresources

    IT department in an enterprise is usually the executorof digital transformation. Since the enterprise digitalization trend in Chinahas become increasingly clear, both the market and corporate managers have highexpectations for the digitalization result delivered by the IT department. TheIT department is now under more pressure and has more work. The functions andassessment of the IT department are more and more like the businessdepartments. However, the IT department has been regarded as a logisticsdepartment in many non-network technology enterprises, and only plays a minorrole in the enterprise strategic layout. Its resource demand and coordinationdemand in daily work don’t get enough attention. and if the company is facingoperation difficulties, its IT department is usually among the first ones to bereduced. Sticking to old methods and not paying enough attention to thestrategic position of the IT department limits the functions of the ITdepartment, which reduces the opportunity for enterprises to integrate into thedigital age.

    Apr 21 2021
  • China's New B2B Cross-Border E-Commerce Export Industry Research Report

    As a growing source of foreign trade, B2B accounts for the majority ofcross-border e-commerce,holding a stronger marketposition in thefuture

    •Cross-Bordere-commerce remains the growth source of foreign trade, with the support ofnational policies. The market is expected to have a CAGR of 25%between 2020

    and 2025.

    B2B made up74.1% of China’s cross-border e-commerce in 2019, holding a stronger marketposition in the future

    B2B cross-border e-commerce export ecosystem contributes to theintegration of industrial resources and sub-sectors, as well as the industryboom, with high growth potential in the future.

    •The totalmarket size of B2B cross-border e-commerce service for exports in China reachedRMB 539.1 billion in 2019, which is expected to continue to grow at a CAGR of

    6.1% between2020 and 2025.

    Ecosystems that focus on small business market and decentralizeddistribution channels are more likely to benefit from social marketing.

    •Recent trendssuggest that multi-channel customer acquisition and the diversification ofself-employed people are taking place in foreign e-commerce.

    •An ecosystem with largeuser base, abundantsocial-networking, and supply resources is more likely to benefit from social networking.

    •E-CommerceSaaS platformsfor small and medium-sized businesses have seen rapid growth in recent years. In the future,those platforms that provide integrated supply

    chain services for small andmedium-sized businesses(SMEs) willaccelerate the growth trajectory of cross-border trading platforms.


    B2B businesswill still dominate China's cross-border e-commerce export market

    The size of the B2B cross-border e-commerce exportmarket in China reached RMB 2.6 trillion in 2019. iResearch projects that theCAGR will reach 28.3% from 2020 to

    2025, and the size of China's B2Bcross-border export will be up to RMB 11.2 trillion in 2025.

    China's B2B cross-border e-commerce export marketaccounted for 71.0% of China's cross-border e-commerce market in 2019.Therefore, B2B businese will still

    dominate China's cross-border e-commercemarket in the future. It is expected that the next five years will seesignificant improvement in the online penetration rate of

    B2B trading due toseveral growth drivers: 1) the possible long-term impact of the COVID-19pandemic, 2) favorable national policy for B2B cross-border e-commerce

    export, 3) the continuous digitalization of all transactionlinks, and 4) the fragmentation of B2B transaction.

    Ecosystemof B2B Cross-Border E-CommerceExport

    Ecosystem——Resourceintegration and sharing accelerate industrial integration and prosperity

    The essential function of the ecosystem is tofacilitate the transaction. Providing commodity information, advertising, andonline transaction services for both the supply

    and demand sides, integratemore value-added innovative services outside the transaction services, such aswarehousing and logistics, marketing, and supply chain

    finance to tradeactivities platform as the core. Forthe industry, the surface value of the integration of support services is thatthe platform provides one-stop services

    for suppliers, shortens thetrade chain, simplifies the process, and improves efficiency. The profound value manifestsitself as the integration of services leads to the

    openness and reuse ofmultiple data links followed by the industry's structural upgrading. As a resource integrator and central hub, theplatform has achieved an

    irreplaceable position. The embedded platform ofsupporting services also highlights the importance of service providersoriginally in the periphery of the industrial

    chain and achieves cross-stagebusiness growth.

    Advantageof Ecosystem – Exponential Growth

    Demand and supply resource matching in the system renders a rapidgrowth for the service market

    In addition tothe transaction, the service market in the ecosystem registers faster growthand a larger market. For example, the proportion of value-added service

    revenues of the ecosystem of DHgate continues to rise in recent years. Thetotal market size of China's B2B cross-border e-commerce export serviceproviders reached

    RMB 539.1 billion in 2019. The size of service providersbased on B2B e-commerce online transactions went up to RMB 62.1 billion. It isestimated that the CAGR of the

    B2B cross-border service market will reach 27.0%from 2020 to 2025, and the CAGR of service revenue brought by onlinetransactions will reach 49.2%. There are three

    driving forces. First, the rapidgrowth of B2B cross-border e-commerce export transaction size; second, theenhanced value recognition of export sellers on e-commerce

    services; third, theincrement brought by the transformation of service providers' businessstructure. For example, logistic enterprises are transforming to supply chain

    services. While payment enterprises are transforming to cross-border financeintegrating service providers, driving the development of value-added servicesin the


    Advantage of Ecosystem – Synergy

    Taking the platform as the core, ecosystem realizesecological collaboration through internal and external synergy

    Taking theplatform as the core, internal departments of the platform connect supplier andbuyer with third-party service providers on one hand and connect businesses

    andshare data between departments on the other hand. Through internal and externalsynergy and cross-scenario collaboration, the ecosystem connects and

    empowers participants at all links in the ecosystem, to achieve cost reduction,efficiency increase and business growth.


    A resilient ecosystem with diversified development ofsupplier and buyer businesses

    On the onehand, DHgate has a substantial advantage over the supply chain, and it has alayout of several countries and regions. It carries out deep cultivation of the

    localization of the mainstream market. On the other hand, DHgate integratespartners in customs inspection, logistics, payment, finance, and other fieldsto create a

    complete platform and online foreign trade ecosystem integratingrelated services. DHgate's diversified layout of supplier and buyer businesseshas substantial

    advantages in source integration and strong anti-riskcapability. Thus it is less affected by single environmental factor.

    Mar 02 2021
  • 2020 China’s Online Education Industry Report

    Market Size of the OnlineEducation Industry

    The market size was 257.3 billion yuan in 2020,increasing by 35.5%. 

    According to the statistics of iResearch, the marketsize of China’s online education industry reached 257.3 billion yuan in 2020.The CAGR in the past four years was 34.5%. The accelerated online developmentprocess of early childhood and all-round education track and K12 subject tutoring is the maincontributor to the fast growth of the online education market. Influenced bythe pandemic, the online scope of early childhood and all-round education keepsdeveloping vertically. The online development of the vocational education fieldhas been accelerating, generating supply and demand. Impacted by the pandemicin 2020, the development of online education was accelerated, which willoverdraft the growth rate in 2021. iResearch predicts that the YoY growth rateof the online education industry will fall to around 20%.

    Online Education Enterprise Map

    Industry Concentration Ratio

    In 2020, the CR5 of the online education market was 15.2%, whichwas about 3.3 times of the offline education market.

    According to the statistics of iResearch, in 2020, themarket size of the online education industry was 257.3 billion yuan. The totalrevenue of the top 5 companies was about 39.2 billion yuan, and the CR5 was15.2%. Since the online education market is affected by the Covid-19 pandemic,its CR5 in 2020 was not representative. The CR5 calculated based on data in2019 was about 4.6%. The industry concentration ratio of the online educationmarket is much higher than that of the offline education market. Although theconcentration ratio of the education industry is lower than that of otherindustries, both online and offline education are becoming more concentrated.This change is accelerated by the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on SMEs in2020. According to iResearch, the CR5 of the offline education market willincrease by 3.5 percentage points to around 8.1%.

    Mar 01 2021

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